En barmhjertighed til mennesket

Muhammad

Som muslim elsker man alle profeterne pga. hvem de var. De var de tætteste med Gud og vejen til Guds barmhjertighed og kærlighed. De havde de bedste manerer og ofrede så meget for at vi kunne modtage Guds spirituelle og moralske vejledning. Alle profeterne, inklusiv Jesus, Moses, David mv. er elsket, æret og respekteret. Profeten Muhammad ﷺ er specifikt beskrevet af Gud som havende en ophøjet karakter, værende det bedste eksempel og en barmhjertighed til menneskeheden:

“It was only as a mercy that We sent you to all people.”
- Koranen, kapitel 21, vers 107.

“And you (stand) on an exalted standard of character.”
- Koranen, kapitel 68, vers 4.

“The messenger of God is an excellent model for those of you who put your hope in God and the Last Day and remember Him often.”
- Koranen, kapitel 33, vers 21.

Dette er Guds ord om Muhammad, og når man læser hans livshistorie og hører om hans lære, egenskaber og karakter, så vil man være enig i Guds beskrivelse af ham. Her er blot et par eksempler på læren af Profeten Muhammad ﷺ:

BARMHJERTIGHED & MEDFØLELSE

“The Merciful One shows mercy to those who are themselves merciful (to others). So show mercy to whatever is on earth, then He who is in heaven will show mercy to you.”1

“God is compassionate and loves compassion.”2

“He is not of us who has no compassion for our little ones and does not honour our old ones.”3

“May God have mercy on a man who is kind when he buys, when he sells, and when he makes a demand."4

TILFREDSHED & SPIRITUALITET

“Richness is not having many possessions. Rather, true richness is the richness of the soul.”5

“Indeed, God does not look towards your bodies nor towards your appearances. But, He looks towards your hearts.”6

“Do not talk too much without remembrance of God. Indeed excessive talking without remembrance of God hardens the heart. And indeed the furthest of people from God are the harsh-hearted.”7

“Be mindful of God, you will find Him before you. Get to know God in prosperity and He will know you in adversity. Know that what has passed you by was not going to befall you; and that what has befallen you was not going to pass you by. And know that victory comes with patience, relief with affliction, and ease with hardship.”8

“Islam has been built on five [pillars]: testifying that there is no deity worthy of worship except God and that Muhammad is the Messenger of God, establishing the prayer, paying the obligatory charity, making the pilgrimage to the House, and fasting in Ramadan.”9

“God, the Exalted, has said: ‘O son of Adam, I forgive you as long as you pray to Me and hope for My forgiveness, whatever sins you have committed. O son of Adam, I do not care if your sins reach the height of the heaven, then you ask for my forgiveness, I would forgive you. O son of Adam, if you come to Me with an earth load of sins, and meet Me associating nothing to Me, I would match it with an earth load of forgiveness.’”10

“God said: ‘I am as My servant thinks I am. I am with him when he makes mention of Me. If he makes mention of Me to himself, I make mention of him to Myself. And if he makes mention of Me in an assembly, I make mention of him in an assembly better than it. And if he draws near to Me a hand’s span, I draw near to him an arm’s length. And if he draws near to Me an arm’s length, I draw near to him a fathom’s length. And if he comes to Me walking, I go to him at speed.’”11

KÆRLIGHED

“By the one who has my soul in His hand, you will not enter the Garden until you believe, and you will not believe until you love one another. Shall I point out to you something, which will make you love one another if you do it? Make the greeting of peace be widespread among you.”12

“The servant does not reach the reality of faith until he loves for the people what he loves for himself of goodness.”13

“Love for the people what you love for yourself and you will be a believer. Behave well with your neighbours and you will be a Muslim."14

“There have come to you the diseases of the nations before you: envy and hatred, and hatred is the razor. It shaves the religion and it does not shave hair. By the one in whose hand is the soul of Muhammad, you will not believe until you love one another. Shall I tell you something which, if you did, you would love each other? Spread peace between yourselves.”15

“None of you has faith until he loves for the people what he loves for himself.”16

“When a man loves his brother he should tell him that he loves him.”17

“Love for the people what you love for yourself.”18

FÆLLESSKAB & FRED

“What sort of deeds or traits of Islam are good?” The Messenger of God replied: “To feed others, and to greet those whom you know and those whom you do not know.”19

“He who makes peace between the people by inventing good information or saying good things, is not a liar.”20

“By God, he does not (truly) believe! By God, he does not (truly) believe! By God, he does not (truly) believe! Someone asked: ‘Who, o Messenger of God?’ He said: ‘He whose neighbour is not safe from his mischief.’”21

“All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over a black nor a black has any superiority over a white except by piety and good action.”22

“The believer is not he who eats his fill while his neighbour is hungry.”23

VELGØRENHED & KÆRLIGHED TIL ANDRE MENNESKER

“God said: “Spend (i.e. on charity), O son of Adam, and I shall spend on you.”24

“Charity does not diminish wealth.”25

“Visit the sick, feed the hungry and free the captives.”26

“Make things easy, and do not make them difficult, and give good tidings and do not make people run away.”27

“Give the labourer his wages before his sweat dries.”28

“Every act of goodness is charity.”29

KARAKTER & MANERER

“The believers who show the most perfect faith are those who have the best character, and the best of you are those who are best to their wives.”30

“(God) has revealed to me that you should adopt humility so that no one oppresses another.”31

“Neither nurse grudge nor sever (the ties of kinship), nor nurse enmity, and become as fellow brothers and servants of God.”32

“He who truly believes in God and the last Day, should speak good or keep silent.”33

“The best among you is he who has the best manners.”34

“Beware of suspicion, for suspicion is the worst of false tale.”35

“The strong man is not the one who is strong in wrestling, but the one who controls himself in anger.”36

MILJØ, OMGIVELSER & DYR

“If the Hour (the day of Resurrection) is about to be established and one of you was holding a palm shoot, let him take advantage of even one second before the Hour is established to plant it.”37

“If a Muslim plants a tree or sows seeds, and then a bird, or a person or an animal eats from it, it is regarded as a charitable gift (sadaqah) for him.”38

“Removing harmful things from the road is an act of charity.”39

The companions asked the Prophet Muhammad , ‘O God’s Messenger! Is there a reward for us in serving the animals?” He replied: “There is a reward for serving any living being.”40

“Whoever kills a sparrow or anything bigger than that without a just cause, God will hold him accountable on the Day of Judgment.”41

“A prostitute saw a dog lolling around a well on a hot day and hanging his tongue from thirst. She drew some water for it in her shoe, so God forgave her.”42

Abdullah ibn Amr ibn Al-`Aas (may God be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet passed one day by Sa`d ibn Abi Waqas (may God be pleased with him) while he was performing wudu’ (ritual ablution). The prophet asked Sa’d, “Why is this wastage?” Sa’d replied “Is there wastage in wudu also?" The Prophet said, ‘Yes, even if you are at a flowing river.”43

Here are some examples of the qualities of the character of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ:

OVERBÆRENHED & TILGIVELSE

It was related that when the Prophet had his tooth broken and his face cut during one of the battles when he was defending the Muslims and non-Muslims under his protection, his companions asked him to curse the aggressors. However he replied, “I was not sent to curse, but I was sent as a summoner and as a mercy. O God, guide my people for they do not know.”44

Anas Ibn Malik said, “I served the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, for ten years and he never said ‘Uff!’ to me. He did not say about anything I had done, ‘Why did you do it?’ or about anything I had not done, ‘Why didn’t you do it?’”45

Anas said, “I was with the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, when he was wearing a thick cloak. a bedouin pulled him so violently by his cloak that the edge of the cloak made a mark on the side of his neck. Then he said, ‘Muhammad! Let me load up these two camels of mine with the property of God you have in your possession! You will not let me load up from your property or your father’s property.’ The Prophet was silent and then he said, ‘Shall I take retaliation from you, bedouin, for what you have done to me?’ He repled, ‘No.’ The Prophet asked, ‘Why not?’ The bedouin replied, ‘Because you do not repay back a bad action with a bad action.’ The Prophet laughed and ordered that one camel be loaded up with barely and the other with camel dates.”46

Once a man demanding repayment for a debt seized hold of the Prophet Muhammad and behaved very badly. The Prophet’s companion was present and chased him off and spoke harshly to him. However the Prophet said, “He and I needed something else from you. Command me to repay well and command him to ask for his debt well.” The Prophet repaid the loan and added more to it due to the fact that his companion alarmed him. The man, known as Zayd Ibn Sa’na, later became a Muslim. Zayd explains, “There were only two remaining signs of Prophethood which I had not yet recognised in Muhammad or notice: forbearance overcoming quick-temperedness and extreme ignorance only increasing him in forbearance. I tested him for these and I found him as described.”47

Anas Ibn Malik recalls the compassion of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ towards children: “I never saw anyone who was more compassionate towards children than God’s Messenger.”48

The Prophet’s companions were killed and tortured. He was boycotted, starved and abused. There were so many injustices and wrong committed against the Prophet and his followers. However when he peacefully took Mecca, known as the conquest of Mecca, he delivered a universal forgiveness and pardon. He described the day as a day of, “...piety, faithfulness and loyalty.”49

UDSEENDE & OMGÆNGELIGHED 

The Prophet Muhammad’s ﷺ companions narrate about his appearance:

Abdullah Ibn al-Harith said: “I did not see anyone who smiled more than the Messenger of God.”50

Al-Baraa’ Ibn ‘Aazib narrated: “The Messenger of God ﷺ was the most handsome of all people, and had the best appearance.”51

Jaabir Ibn Samurah narrated: “I saw the Messenger of God ﷺ on a brightly moonlit night wearing a red garment. Then I started looking at him and at the moon. And for me, he was more beautiful than the moon.”52

‘Ali Ibn Abi Talib narrated: “Those who saw him suddenly stood in awe of him and those who shared his acquaintanceship loved him. Those who described him said they had never seen anyone like him before or since. ”53

‘Umm Ma’bad Al-Khuza’iyah described to her husband what the Prophet (peace be upon him looked like: “He was innocently bright and had broad countenance. His manners were fine. Neither his belly bulging out nor was his head deprived of hair. He has black attractive eyes finely arched by continuous eyebrows. His hair glossy and black, inclined to curl, he wore long. His was extremely commanding. His head was large, well formed and set on a slender neck. His expression was pensive and contemplative, serene and sublime. The stranger was fascinated from the distance, but no sooner he became intimate with him than this fascinations was changed into attachment and respect. His expression was very sweet and distinct. His speech was well set and free from the use of superfluous words, as if it were a rosary of beads. His stature was neither too high nor too small to look repulsive…He was always surrounded by his Companions. Whenever he uttered something, the listeners would hear him with rapt attention and whenever he issued any command, they vied with each other in carrying it our. He was a master and commander. His utterances were marked by truth and sincerity, free from all kinds of falsehoods and lies.”54

YDMYGHED & ANSTÆNDIGHED

“Do not exaggerate in praising me as the Christians praised the son of Mary, for I am only a Slave. So, call me the Slave of God and His Apostle.”55

The Prophet’s ﷺ wife, Aishah (may God be pleased with her) was asked: “What did God’s messenger do at home?” She said: “He was like any other human being, cleaning and mending his garment, milking the goat, mending his shoes, serving himself, and be of service to his family, till he hears the call to prayer, then he goes out [to pray in the mosque].”56

“I am but a man like yourselves. I am prone to forget just as you are.”57

When the Prophet ﷺ saw a man trembling with fear when he saw him, he said to him: “Relax I am not a king, I am the son of a woman from Quraysh [an Arab people] who would eat dried/jerked meat.”58

The Prophet ﷺ would invoke his lord saying: “O God, make me live humbly and make me die humbly, and gather me among the humble on the day of resurrection.”59

Abu Sa‘eed al-Khudri said, “I saw the messenger of God ﷺ prostrating in mud and water such that I saw the marks of mud on his forehead.”60

Anas said, “The Prophet ﷺ would be invited to eat barley bread and rancid fat and he would accept it.”61

Aisha (may God be pleased with her) said, “At our home (that is, the home of the Holy Prophet’s household), fire would not be kindled (sometimes) for a whole month; we subsisted merely on water and dates.”62


1 - Berettet af Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi
2 - Al-Adab Al-Mufrad
3 - Berettet af Tirmidhi
4 - Berettet af Bukhari
5 - Berettet af Bukhari
6 - Berettet af Muslim
7 - Berettet af Tirmidhi
8 - Berettet af Tirmidhi
9 - Berettet af Bukhari, Muslim
10 - Berettet af Tirmidhi
11 - Berettet af Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah
12 - Berettet af Muslim
13 - Berettet af Ibn Hibban
14 - Berettet af Ibn Majah
15 - Berettet af Ahmad
16 - Berettet af Ahmad
17 - Berettet af Abu Dawud and Tirmidhi
18 - Berettet af Bukhari, Tareekh al-Akhbar
19 - Berettet af Bukhari
20 - Berettet af Bukhari
21 - Berettet af Ahmad and Tirmidhi
22 - Berettet af Bukhari
23 - Berettet af Bukhari, Muslim and Ahmad
24 - Berettet af Bukhari and Muslim
25 - Berettet af Bukhari
26 - Berettet af Muslim
27 - Berettet af Bukhari
28 - Berettet af Bukhari
29 - Berettet af Ibn Majah
30 - Berettet af Muslim
31 - Berettet af Muslim
32 - Berettet af Muslim
33 - Berettet af Muslim
34 - Berettet af Bukhari
35 - Berettet af Bukhari and Muslim
36 - Berettet af Bukhari
37 - Berettet af Bukhari
38 - Berettet af Bukhari
39 - Berettet af Bukhari and Muslim
40 - Berettet af Bukhari
41 - Berettet af An Nasai
42 - Berettet af Muslim
43 - Berettet af Ahmad
44 - Ash-Shifa of Qadi ‘Iyad
45 - Berettet af Bukhari and Muslim
46 - Berettet af Bukhari and Muslim
47 - Al-Bayhaqi, Ibn Hibban, At-Tabarani and Abu Nu’aym
48 - Berettet af Muslim
49 - Dr Muhammad Ali’ As-Sallabee. The Noble Life of the Prophet, p. 1707 & 1712
50 - Berettet af Tirmidhi
51 - Berettet af Muslim
52 - Berettet af Tirmidhi
53 - Berettet af Tirmidhi
54 - Zad al-Ma'ad 2/45
55 - Berettet af Bukhari
56 - Berettet af Bukhari, Muslim & Ahmad
57 - Berettet af Bukhari and Muslim
58 – Berettet af Ibn Majah and al-Haakim
59 - Berettet af Tirmidhi
60 - Berettet af Bukhari and Muslim
61 - Berettet af Tirmidhi
62 - Berettet af Tirmidhi